My Evening at Mandy’s Home

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Introduction
I have met few persons who just don’t like visiting their school, church or public libraries. I have also had conversations with parents/guardians who are desperate to ensure that their kids enjoy reading and are educationally sound. I haven’t relented in my attempt to make my friends understand that the kind of library you nurture can attract you to always consult its resources. If you have a mere collection of books covered with dusts on rickety shelves, then do not complain to me again that reading feels boring to you.

First you need to make your home or private library a healthy and attractive special unit/department in your house. Call it a sacred table or room or shelf if you want.

At this point I want to believe you already have a clue on what am driving at. Yes, you are right! It’s a topic most of us care less about. We are Nigerians aren’t we? We want to prove to the world that “we aren’t lovers of books.” But that is such a wrong impression. I want to quickly stress on the need for a “Home/Private Library.” My evening with Mandy hopefully will give you a proper understanding of the need for a home library and why we should develop a good reading culture either as an individual, a family or a group.

A True Story
Mandy is a young lady I met recently at a social gathering. She seems to be one of the smartest young ladies I have ever met. We have had relevant discussions on phone calls and chats, but just recently she invited me over to her house. She lives in her father’s mansion with her three siblings. I almost thought I was in a 5 star hotel when the gate was opened and I walked in.

She quickly introduced me to her family and also to her dog (nitty). They were all sunning their bodies at the poolside. I said hi to everyone and she walked me into the living room. Mandy informed me that their house had 11 rooms, and each of the bedrooms had a personal bathroom in it except the study room. A “study room?” That caught my interest. I smiled and requested to see their study room. My expectations were very high, and I couldn’t help but scream inside my heart when she opened the door and all therein was a fragile plastic table and a plastic chair in a very spacious room almost the size of my College Library. I swallowed all my curiosity with a deep breath, and finally asked; “You mean you waste all this space just for a table and a chair, and you call it a study room?” She smiled at me and we walked back to the living room. I didn’t feel comfortable anymore until we got really busy discussing about her study room and the need for a Home Library.

Now, dear reader, you have probably followed my story to this point, but let me advice, continue from this point forward carefully and find out the details of my conversation with Mandy:

The Conversation
Me: Wait a minute, have you ever heard of Home or Private Libraries?
Mandy: I think so
 
Me: Ok, are you aware that a Home Library could be one of the best comfort zone or room in a house/home?
Mandy: Hmm, meaning?

Me: Meaning a residence, whether local or modern (of this nature) should have a home library for relaxation and personal growth of family members and even visitors. Regardless of the fact that you have a study room or even books at different cupboards in your house, a home library can help children and even you to get a little farther in school. I once read the ALA updates on a recent study by researchers at the University of Nevada and UCLA entitled: “Family Scholarly Culture and Educational Success: Books and Schooling in 27 nations”. It concludes that having a library of 500 books at home gives children an educational advantage over those who don’t. The study abstract states, “Children growing up in homes with many books get 3 years more schooling than children from bookless homes, independent of their parents’ education, occupation and class. —Now, Mandy, you must know that Home Libraries encourages discussion amongst family members and this helps in providing more information, develop vocabularies, broaden horizon and like I said before, personal growth is achieved in the family.
Mandy: Really? But I never assumed it this way. Is it really possible that we could bring or create libraries in our homes? Moreover I hardly patronize my school library services. I am not a library freak and we all have our books in our drawers but do come to read in the study room.

Me: That is where you get it wrong dear. You can make your study room reflect your family’s scholarly culture. Make it a way of life for everybody, where books are regarded in high esteem and read and enjoyed. I really wished I had something like this growing up. You do not have to turn your home library to look like your school or community library. First start with this mindset, that a library is “an organized collection of information resources?” In other words, your mission should be on how to organize information resources, which comprises of your Textbooks, E-books, Credentials, Photographs, Musicals and Video Files, etc. either in your drawers/shelves, mobile phone/computer system. All these are information resources. As small as this your collection could be, there is a possibility that when you do not organize it well, accessing them and finding a particular information to solve a problem or meet a need would pose a major challenge to you.

I am not surprised you claim you are not a library freak. Tell me, is there anyone born to be a library freak? You consult libraries because all your information needs can be met in a library. Who doesn’t need information? It is very possible that you and some others out there do not patronize libraries because:
  · the environment is not conducive enough

  · library registration and procedures seems tedious

  · of the strict and shushing nature of librarians

  · of library rules and regulations

  · proximity (distance), etc.

If peradventure one of these is your excuse, then my dear, transforming your study room to a Home Library sounds like a better deal.
Mandy: Okay, I get where you’re driving at now, you are beginning to sound very patriotic and professional, “Mr. Chartered Librarian”.

Me: That’s not exactly true, I do not intend to sound too professional so I don’t get you bored. You just need to realize that managing a home library could be one of the beautiful treasures in a home and the good news is that your home library do not necessarily have to be extravagant or very expensive before it provides an enjoyable reading experience to its users. To me I don’t think there is a special design to adopt in establishing your own library. A good family or home library needs:
  · Cooperation: from each member of the family, especially dad and mum, they need to provide the necessary funds, while you and your siblings needs to in cooperation donate your books and preserve them by shelving them properly in the library.

  · Time: to search, acquire and catalogue (record) information materials that will be relevant and be of interest to family members (readers). Just like my mum, she isn’t a scholar, but I’ll tell you, that Evangelist never sees a book and takes her eyes of it, she acquires it and increases her book collections even though she doesn’t read them all.

  · Space: to keep, preserve the materials and to study.
Mandy, bear this in mind, your parents do not have to be scholars to achieve this, all they need to do is sponsor the project, read and esteem books and encourage the love of books. I once read that Anna Quindlen wrote: “I would be the most content, if my children grow up to be the kind of people who think decorating consists mostly of building enough bookshelves”.

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Mandy: Wow, this is beginning to get really interesting. Though you’re quite formal, but it’s working, I feel the vibe already and I must inform my dad about this, but first mum has to hear this.

(She quickly jumps up to approach her mum in the kitchen and sold the beautiful idea of transforming their Study Room into a Home Library. Her mum was quite audible and I could hear her say… “Na today day break for your eyes…? Anyway, when you are ready, let me know, I can only give you N30,000 to get it done, you can go and meet your father for the rest.” …and Mandy runs out of the kitchen excited back to meet me.)

Mandy: Mum likes the idea and I want to start right away, but seriously I do not know what I will need or how to go about it. Can you please advise me… pleeeeease?
Me: Alright here is the deal, this isn’t my first time to propose to anyone about the relevance of libraries, you are a dear friend to me and I can only give you a few tips to consider before you start setting up your library or better still you can contract me to carry out this task for you.

Mandy: Oh yea, leaving the job for you surely sounds better, you are the professional and I guess you have been trained on this, am just a law student, what do I know about setting up a home library?
Me: Do not sound that way all of a sudden, I can still give you tips to setting up a private/family/home library. With these tips you would be able to convince your dad and even encourage your friends on what would be needed. For your space as I have seen, you will need:

  · two beautiful shelves with a unique design, well-furnished to be anchored to the wall or standing on the ground.

  · 3 reading desks and comfortable reading Chairs. Be careful on the choice of your reading chair, it should be a chair you can sit on comfortably for hours. A long relaxation cushion would be classy.

  · a computer workstation. You need this to create a database or an online catalogue for your information materials. It would also enable you connect to the internet and download relevant e-books.

  · a good illumination to limit eyestrain. Use overhead lights instead of lamps.

  · a library ladder or stool if your shelf is too high.

  · up to date dictionaries, atlases and other reference books.

  · Library Signages

My dear, it’s getting too late, and I do hope your dad gets interested in your proposal, I would have to take my leave now.

Mandy: Oh no, please stay for dinner.
Me: I want to, but I have to go, I am glad I came here today not just to say hi, but I have shared an invaluable information with you about the need for personal/family libraries. Think about all I have said. Transform your family with a home library, develop the reading culture and you will find out that your younger ones would appreciate it in future.

That we didn’t have the opportunity to be encouraged to read always doesn’t mean we shouldn’t encourage others. Go and check what King Solomon says in Proverbs 3:27.

Mandy: How sweet! I have never had a beautiful opinion on libraries like you have revealed to me today… I thank you very much and promise you, I will share this with my friends

(She walks with me to get a cab and we said goodbye. What an evening with Mandy.)

The End

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Have You Ever Been Tempted To Plagiarize?

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Hey, you. Yes. you, the purported author who just copied and pasted someone else’s work into your own LinkedIn post — without permission from the original author. and without giving any credit to that original author. I have a bulletin for you: You aren’t smart, or sly, or slick. You’re simply just a thief.

And no, your theft is not just an innocent mistake. Did you really think it was okay to take someone else’s work and present it as your own? Come on. You can’t claim you didn’t think the work you took was of any real value to anyone. Pretty obviously, you must have thought the writing you stole was pretty good, for why else would you pretend it was your own? By representing it as your own, you confirmed that you considered the work you stole to have significant value — value that you misappropriated for your own benefit, without in any way paying for what you took, and without even giving the original author any credit for his or her honest best efforts… Plagiarism by any name is still theft. And you, Buster, are a thief. Plain and simple.

Okay, with that off my chest, let’s talk about plagiarism and violation of copyright in general — what they are, what they’re not, how they compare to one another, and how to protect yourself as a writer against them. Please understand, though, that I do not pretend to be a lawyer, nor is this discussion intended to be legal advice. I am expressing my considered opinion and sharing my experience as a long-term professional freelance and staff magazine writer and editor.

With one of the nation’s leading schools of journalism, Northwestern University explicitly defines “plagiarism” in its written policy on Academic Integrity, as,

“…submitting material that in part or whole is not entirely one’s own work without attributing those same portions to their correct source.”

Plagiarism is not the same as violation of copyright. When an original work is published, the copyright to that work automatically accrues to the original creator in virtue of several international copyright treaties, including the Berne Convention, UCC Geneva, UCC Paris, TRIPS, and the WIPO Copyright Treaty. In the U.S. and some other countries, the original creator, or subsequent holder in due course, can “register” the copyright with the appropriate government office. This step shortens any legal action against a copyright violator by removing the “I didn’t know” excuse, because any violator could have, and should have checked the copyright register before using the material at issue. But failure to register the copyright in no way vitiates the copyright itself. If you created the work at issue, you own it and, unless you convey the copyright to another person or entity, you continue to own it. And anyone who uses that material without your permission is potentially subject to civil and, in some cases, criminal penalties.

Don’t forget, in order to achieve creator’s copyright, you have to publish the work in some public way.
Achieving creator’s copyright is straightforward, but there are a few caveats. These include the need to publish the work. Pretty obviously, it would be ludicrous to argue that you created a work, but kept it on your computer or in a drawer. So, you have to show that you were the first person to publish that work. Of course, by publishing the work, you actually increase the potential that someone will steal it. Thus, if you are working on what you believe is a valuable piece, say an investigative expose, it’s important to keep your work secret until it is published. If, that is, you don’t want to lose the creator’s copyright to someone who absconds with your work and publishes it before you.

Do not confuse plagiarism with violation of copyright; they are different and distinct.
Some works are “in the public domain”. For example, Benjamin Franklin’s Poor Richard’s Almanac is in the public domain. That means you can use it in part or in whole in a work of your own without permission and without violating any copyright. You don’t even have to credit old Ben. But if you don’t credit Ben Franklin as the source, you will be committing plagiarism.

Against that, you might use a substantial part, or even all of a copyright work, and properly credit the original author. In such a case, you will not be plagiarizing the material in question. However, if you do use the material without first receiving written permission to do so from that author or a holder in due course of the copyright, you will be violating the copyright.

By the way, in order to eliminate disputes about who said what, the copyright laws recognize only permissions in writing. And in the absence of such, the presumption is that no permission to use the material, nor that an assignment of the copyright was given.

…in order to eliminate disputes about who said what, the copyright laws recognize only permissions in writing.
As mentioned at the beginning of this post, incidents of plagiarism and violation of copyright appear to be growing to the point of rampancy on LinkedIn, not to mention the rest of the internet. Some of this activity can, without doubt, be attributed to lack of knowledge and education in these matters. After all, just about anyone can these days self-publish on LI and other digital publishing platforms. Many people who do have absolutely no understanding of these particular issues. This is compounded by the copy-and-paste mentality fostered in this contemporary age of digital composition. Nevertheless, plagiarism and violation of copyright are stealing. Unfortunately, it is most often the case that the pursuit of legal remedies is cost-prohibitive for the damaged author or copyright holder. But that does not mean we should turn a blind eye. And we won’t.

 

The supporters of #stopplagiarism will be watching.

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HERE’S A TRUE STORY FOR YOU!
Have you ever been Tempted to Plagiarize?

It was my junior year of college, and I was preparing to burn the midnight oil to finish a paper that of course I procrastinated on until the night before it was due. At about 7:00pm there was a knock at the door. It was a friend of mine that I was in class with, and had met through the social scene at the university. He came over bearing a six pack of beer. I invited in him under the caveat that he couldn’t stay long as I had to get back to working on my paper. (This was the 90’s and before texting, when people were more likely just to stop over if they were driving by and saw your car in the driveway).

We sat down and had a beer. He invited me to go to one of our favorite college bars, and meet up with more of our friends. I thanked him for stopping by and the beer. Then, I declined his offer, and explained again that I had to finish the paper that was due at 9:00am the next morning. I gave him some props for being on top of it having already finished his so that he could go out and have fun at the bar. Then he said, “you can still go.” I was puzzled. He then motioned me over to my computer, and proceeded to pull up this website where there were 1000’s of papers that one could download for only $9.99.

He said he had been using this website for over a year. He had not been caught and all his papers had been A’s except one that he intentionally put a few errors into. He sat there telling me how easy it was, and that there was no way anybody would know.

So, there I was faced with a choice. Download an “A paper” for $9.99 and then go have fun at the bar with my friends, or stay at home by myself to finish the paper. Did I mention there was going to be girls there? Also, it wouldn’t have been the first time I had given in to a little peer pressure at that age.

Luckily, my inner academic moral code kicked in and I declined his offer. So, he went on his way, partied the night away, and chased chicks, while I stayed up until 3:00am to finish the paper. I knew that there was a chance that nobody would find out. However, I also knew that I would have to live with that on my conscious. Somehow my college degree wouldn’t feel quite like mine.

That split moment decision to resist peer pressure and taking the easy way out, proved to be a very good one. My friend got caught a few weeks later by the university. His professors had discovered the plagiarism. He was suspended for the remainder of the semester and failed all of his courses. He started working at one of the local bars and didn’t re-enroll in college. I’m not sure if he ever did.

The point here is that in life the easy way out is never worth it. Anything, worth having is achieved from hard work. There are smarter and more strategic ways of getting things done, but at the end of the day achievement still involves hard work. Plagiarism is the easy way out. It might be a short term fix for some, but it never works out in the long run.

Stealing someone else’s work off the internet (or anywhere else for that matter) by copying and pasting it, then claiming it as your own, and using it for personal gain is WRONG! It is cheating and stealing!

When supporters of #stopplagiarism find an example of plagiarism or violation of copyright on LinkedIn, we will act to keep it from passing without notice. Those who blunder into such actions unknowingly will be advised of the facts and given an opportunity to correct the unfortunate situation. Those who refuse to make necessary corrections, or who continue cynically to commit plagiarism and violation of copyright, with full knowledge of what they are doing, will be called to account publicly by being noticed on the Stop Plagiarism Wall of Shame. Those of you who, with us, find plagiarism and violation of copyright unacceptable, are invited to join the effort to stop, or at least discourage their continued spread on LinkedIn.

Text Copyright © 2015 by Phil Friedman (So why is Plagiarism such a Big deal?) and John White (Have you ever been tempted to Plagiarize) — All Rights Reserved

New Study Shows E- readers Help Children Learn To Read

For the last two years, we’ve been
running a rigorous study called iREAD 2 , examining the impact of Worldreader’s e-reader program on students in Ghana.
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Today, we are excited to announce the
final results of that study. Literacy is a foundational skill that sets up children for lifelong success. Unfortunately, few children in sub-Saharan Africa have access to even the most basic tools they need to learn to read, including books and reading materials. The iREAD Ghana Study 2012-2014 (iREAD 2) addressed the lack of reading materials and low levels of literacy among Ghana’s early primary school students by providing e-readers filled with hundreds of pieces of relevant content, phonics and literacy instruction for teachers, and extracurricular reading activities. iREAD 2 was designed based on our learnings from iREAD 1 , which showed that e-readers work best when combined with other curricular support and activities.

The project’s evaluation showed the
following outcomes:

Students with the Worldreader
intervention could read better:
Worldreader students started off reading an average 17 words per minute in Twi (their mother tongue), and by the end of the intervention could read an average of 34 words per minute. In English, students could read 17 words per minute at the start of the program and just over 41 by the end. Gaining 15 – 20 words per minute makes a big difference when it comes to early grade reading, as the image below shows (where the blue text represents the gains in words per minute).

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They could understand more of what they were reading:
In both Twi and English, students in the
treatment group more than doubled their reading comprehension scores. Students went from answering 20.0% of Twi questions correctly at the baseline to 43.0% correct at the final, and from 16.6% to 43.5% on English comprehension questions.

The lowest performing students reaped
significant benefits from the Worldreader intervention:
The proportion of treatment students who could not read a single word in Twi
decreased dramatically from 64.6% to
8.9%. For the sake of comparison, the gains of students in the Worldreader program were measured against a control group, which did not receive the e-readers or other intervention components. The learnings presented in the report not only point to the efficacy of the e-reader intervention
for improving early grade literacy skills
and increasing access to books, but also provide insights towards a way forward that will allow Worldreader and partners to reach more students, in more corners of Ghana and sub-Saharan Africa, with cost-effective and impactful digital reading programs.

Worldreader would like to thank World
Vision , USAID , and AusAID , who
generously provided the funding for
iREAD2 through an All Children Reading
grant. Baseline and midterm reports for
iREAD 2, as well as reports from our other studies, are posted on our Learnings Page.

By Sarah Jaffe & Zev Lowe

http://www.worldreader.org/blog/new-study-shows-e-readers-help-children-learn-to-read/

Back-to-school Tips for Parents

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Middle school research by Mary Woodard

It’s back-to-school time, and students, equipped with the necessary supplies, are ready to tackle another school year.
School supplies aren’t limited to what the student carries in their backpack. The school library furnishes ready-made “school supplies” – resources designed to maximize a child’s educational experience.

Beyond a place where students can visit to check out books, the school library is a place where students can
work on their homework assignments, explore new technology, and share new thoughts and ideas. The presence of the school librarian ensures that they can gather and learn in a safe environment.

As educators, school librarians strive to teach students to be independent users of information and it is in the best
interest of parents to assist in this process. School librarians prepare students for life-long learning, informed
decision-making, a love of reading, and the use of information technologies. They empower students to be critical thinkers, enthusiastic readers, skillful researchers and ethical users of inforToday, our meaning of literacy
exceeds that of books and encompasses all information.

Technology has changed the landscape of education and schools are attempting to keep up with these changes. According to A Global Imperative: The Report of the 21st
Century Literacy Summit, “A profound shift is taking place in the way people communicate and express themselves…a new concept of language – and what it means to be literate
– is evolving…incorporating visual and aural elements with textual elements, and an immediacy which itself is a
dimension of the new language”. With so much misinformation in our data-driven society, school librarians must help the entire educational community to obtain the necessary skills to survive and thrive in the 21st century.”

Learning today means more than memorizing facts. It means learning to learn for a lifetime. Savvy parents and
educators know that the school library is key to teaching students not just to read but to practice the skills they need
to seek, evaluate and use information throughout their lives. In fact, research shows those students from schools with professionally staffed, fully equipped libraries score higher
on achievement tests.

The best way to find out about your school library is to pay a visit and ask the following questions suggested by the American Association of School Librarians, a division of the American Library Association:
** Is there a state-certified full-time school librarian?
** Does your child have access to the school library anytime during the day that he/she needs to use its resources?
** Does the library offer remote access from home via computer?
** Does your child visit the school library frequently with his/her class? Individually? In small groups?
** Is the school library an attractive and convenient space where children can work individually and in small groups?
** Does the school library have a wide range of resources in a variety of formats–books, computers, audio and
videotapes–that appeal to different learning styles?
** Does the library have the hardware and software to provide access to the Internet and other electronic resources?
** Are the resource materials in the school library current? Are
the encyclopedias less than three years old?
** Is the school library budget adequate to provide a full range of both print and electronic resources?
** Are children encouraged to read, view and listen both for understanding and enjoyment?
** Are school administrators knowledgeable and supportive of
the school library?
** Does the school provide ongoing training to support teachers and staff in learning about new technologies?
** Are teachers encouraged to work with the school librarian to extend learning opportunities beyond the textbook and classroom?
** Is there a process for ongoing evaluation of the school
library?

Via: http://www.ilovelibraries.org

Now these are some salient questions that needs to be answered as your children go back to school. Endeavour to appreciate the critical role of school libraries and Certified Librarians in ensuring student success.

Libraries can Digitize Books

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The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has ruled that libraries have the right to digitize books and distribute them to dedicated reading terminals without first obtaining the publisher’s permission. The decision
rests on exceptions built into the EU Copyright Directive for reproducing and communicating intellectual property.

Specifically it says that publicly accessible libraries may make works available at “dedicated terminals… for the purpose of research or private study.” German publisher Eugen Ulmer, which filed the suit in question against the Technical University of Darmstadt, can’t be happy with the result. But, the court didn’t hand libraries a blank check to freely pass around digitized content either. The law still prevents these digitized copies from being stored
on USB keys or printed out. Under the Copyright Directive, the act of printing or storing the files would mean the
individual, not the library, was making the copy — which would violate the law.

The decision is sure to generate plenty of controversy. In fact, the issue of digitizing books has had a long history
of stirring up trouble. In the US, Google ran afoul of publishers and authors when it attempted to put digitally
scanned versions of books online and make them searchable. And publishers have been trying to milk every dollar they can out of libraries that ” lend ” e-books. This is probably not the last time that a publishing company is going to drag a library or educational organization in front of a judge, either. But at least in Europe, there’s now a
slightly clearer precedent for dealing with such conflicts.

Via: http://www.engadget.com

The Tenets of Education

 


 

Ebhonu S.I
NNEC Librarian
sylvester.ebhonu@yahoo.com
2347030413987

I was in a vehicle to Sapele on my way from Benin and I entered into a conversation with the driver. He proudly announced to me that he dropped out of school in primary three (3). According to him, he is not ashamed of his illiteracy status because he has gained more experience than the ‘so called’ literate persons around. He had wined with the Libyans and dined with the Italians. From these experiences, he concluded that education would not have made him know as much as he did. It got me wondering on how myopic many persons’ perception of education really is.

Education in the proper sense of the word is not limited to the four walls of a classroom or any building at that. It is the imparting and acquiring of knowledge through teaching and learning. It also includes the knowledge or abilities gained through being educated. In a broader sense, education entails an informative experience.

The problem with the youths of this generation and the adults of the previous is that they are so preoccupied with the prospect of making money first, with the intention that education can always come later. Attempt to have a conversation with the young man next door on this issue and you will probably hear something like: “I wan hammer,” “Guy na money first o!,” “Even graduates nor get work,” “Wen I make my dough,  I go employ graduates to serve me,” etc. These comments stem from a disillusioned mindset, totally lacking in proper understanding of the concept of education. Without trying to be judgmental, I will attempt a plenary explanation of what education actually entails.

The Greek philosopher, Socrates is credited with these words- that the mind at birth is a tabular raza (a clean slate) upon which experiences are etched. Thus a baby at birth is ignorant of a lot of things and the parents, family  as well as society is saddled with the responsibility of inculcating knowledge into that mind. As he grows older, it becomes pertinent for him to learn the basic things and acquire knowledge in different forms. Some are privileged to formal education while others have access to informal ones.

In formal education, the child learns the basic rudiments of language as well as subjects that help in their own little way to steer the child to major disciplines like medicine, astronomy, law, engineering etc. The others who do not have access to such are informally taught things, the most common of which is a trade. Many learn fashion, plumbing, construction, wiring, electrical and electronic repairs etc, depending on where their passion lies.

Problems arise when society treats the ones who were formally taught as superiors. No one is higher than the other. The mechanic is as good as and sometimes even better than the mechanical engineering graduate. The only difference is that the latter was taught in many verbose words with less action. Not everybody is privileged to be formally educated and everyone including the society must respect that.

Whether you were educated in a classroom or a workshop, what matters is the stuff you have in your head. This is what sets you apart and distinguishes you from an ignorant person. Every human must strive to be educated, it is as essential as the clothes they wear and the food they eat. Don’t just relax because there is no money and you assume that the possibility of education for you has dwindled to a vanishing point. Do not leave your brain idle, learn a trade, learn how to drive, learn catering, learn decorations, learn languages, the key thing is to LEARN something and learn it WELL. What makes a man sought after is not  necessarily the excellence of speech at his command BUT because he is good at what he does(no matter what it is). Sometimes we think some things are too debasing to learn, but someone out there does not know it and he will need you someday. No one can blame himself for being born ignorant, however, your brain and indeed the whole world will blame you for remaining so.

My parents were not privileged to finish their schooling due to financial constraints but they are one of the most educated persons I know. To be educated means to be well taught (it does not matter in what). It also means to have the benefit of experience or knowledge. No matter your stature or station in life, be educated because in it you have something that nobody can take away from you. This is what education really is all about.


 

– KNOW SOMETHING WELL